Furthermore, both race and ethnicity are constantly evolving concepts, making the task of comparing groups or following the same group over time quite challenging. Religion Religion is an important component of culture. The result is therefore a double stigma, since mental health problems themselves remain highly stigmatised.
In children, obesity is defined as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile for age and sex, based on population data from the s 12. For instance, the increasing proportion of the U. The increase since is particularly evident among non-Hispanic black and Mexican American adolescents Fig.
If minority groups access services but experience poor cultural awareness from service providers, they may reject these services. Race has traditionally been used to categorize populations on the basis of shared biological characteristics such as genes, skin color, and other observable features.
This is a shortened version of the full article. The overall prevalence of obesity in children in the U. This is for several reasons outlined below.
Palinkas Find articles by Lawrence A. It is an issue that needs careful and urgent attention as it can impact on upon a wide range of psycho-social phenomena such as: Health care and autism service providers may also be unable to identify and diagnose autism due to language and cultural differences.
Stigma and ethnicity There is compelling evidence from the domain of mental illness stigma research that ethnicity and culture play key roles in moderating stigmatising attitudes. This is partly because such people are more likely to be identified in the community due to high surveillance levels, which such cultures rely upon in achieving their goals of interdependence and group conformity Papadopoulos et al, With progress hampered, services lose the opportunity to engage with the community, raise awareness and understanding of autism and mitigate against the production and effects of stigma.
About million children worldwide are now classified as overweight or obese. Download a PDF of the full article Author: The prevalence of obesity has increased markedly in U.
There are two major consequences of this: Health inequalities We know ethnicity is a key determinant of health inequalities in England, where Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic communities face poorer access to healthcare The Kings Fund including autism services Slade, Exorcism represents a more common intervention as a result of this.
Although childhood obesity is increasing in all ethnic and racial groups, its prev-alence is higher in nonwhite populations.
Find articles by Sonia Caprio Stephen R. This in turn has a range of harmful consequences. Obesity may be thought of as a body weight that conveys significant risk for adverse health outcomes. Rosenbloom Find articles by Arlan L. Bankole agrees, arguing that in many African cultures autism is conceptualised as resulting from witchcraft and poor parenting.
Only then can our interventions and policies be underpinned with strong theory and evidence, thus being best placed in the campaign against stigma. Race and ethnicity are terms used to categorize populations on the basis of shared characteristics.
Daniels Find articles by Stephen R. There are a range of practical measures that the autism community can employ that are likely to have an immediate positive effect. Following presentations by invited speakers and in-depth discussions, a seven-member panel of experts in pediatric endocrinology, cardiology, gastroenterology, nutrition, epidemiology, and anthropology developed this consensus statement on the influence of race, ethnicity, and culture on childhood obesity, addressing the following questions: The impact of stigma The damage stigma causes is unnecessary, preventable, complex and extensive.
A subsequent analysis 7 suggested that the prevalence may have reached a plateau, although further tracking of data will be needed to confirm or refute this. The reasons for the differences in prevalence of childhood obesity among groups are complex, likely involving genetics, physiology, culture, socioeconomic status SESenvironment, and interactions among these variables as well as others not fully recognized.
Collectivist cultures Previous stigma research has found that collectivist cultures which place priority on community interdependence and shared group norms and values are generally more likely than individualist cultures which place priority on personal independence, goals and values to stigmatise people who deviate from the norm.
While it is clear that autism stigma may exist across all socio-cultural contexts Obeid et al,it is also reasonable to argue that the severity and means to which autism stigma occurs varies across different cultures. Dr Chris Papadopoulos Autism stigma and the role of ethnicity and culture Stigma can be broadly viewed as the product of negativity towards a target group.
This issue likely reflects and contributes to the problematic understanding of autism within particular cultures. Nevertheless, the social importance given to these constructs to describe groups that have been treated in similar ways based on presumed biological characteristics, as well as the acknowledgment that such classifications themselves have contributed to inequalities in health and health care access, necessitates that we continue to use the terms race and ethnicity.
This can take the form of: Even in some developing countries, where undernutrition has traditionally been one of the major health concerns in children, overweight and obesity are now more prevalent. This has been highlighted by Nwokolowho argues that within the Nigerian culture the influence of religiosity upon autism is particularly evident among rural communities where so few services for autistic children exist.race & ethnicity.
Race and ethnicity are physical attributes of people, but also ways of seeing and understanding the world. Media plays an influential role in shaping how we think about and enact race in our everyday lives.
In the United States and other Western contexts, whites and whiteness have historically been associated with superiority and privilege; people of color have historically. Religion, ethnicity, and the role of the state: explaining conflict in Assam Alfred T. Darnell and Sunita Parikh University of Chicago Introduction The violence between Assamese Hindus and Bengali Muslims in India during the early s stands out as one of the.
The role of ethnicity and culture In the complex and what will likely be long battle against autism stigma, focusing on the roles that ethnicity and cultural context play in the production of stigmatising attitudes could be a particularly effective avenue. This is for several reasons outlined below.
impact of ethnicity, religion, and class Nabil Khattab, Ron Johnston, Tariq Modood & Ibrahim Sirkeci In the second part, we discuss the role of class and its relationship to ethno-religious background. In the third, we introduce methodological dimensions and discuss measures used to operationa.
Racial/ethnic differences in body fat distribution, insulin dynamics, fatty liver, dyslipidemia, and diabetes, and the influence of SES and culture on health, suggest that optimal treatments could well differ according to the race/ethnicity of the obese child.
The Role of Gender, Class, and Religion in Biracial Americans’ Racial Labeling Decisions Lauren D. Davenporta race/ethnicity, gender, religion, minority groups. 58 American Sociological Review 81(1) particular roles, and the meanings associated.Download