Labor and birth process

The erect posture causes the weight of the abdominal contents to thrust on the pelvic floora complex structure which must not only support this weight but allow, in women, three channels to pass through it: During effacement, the cervix becomes incorporated into the lower segment of the uterus.

Once your baby is delivered, your doctor -- or your partner, if he has requested to do so -- clamps and cuts the umbilical cord. At the beginning of the normal second stage, the head is fully engaged in the pelvis; the widest diameter of the head has passed below the level of the pelvic inlet.

The symptoms normally occur for a few minutes up to few hours each day and they should lessen and disappear within two weeks after delivery.


Active labor will last about hours Your cervix will dilate from 4cm to 7cm Contractions during this phase will last about seconds with minutes rest in between Contractions will feel stronger and longer This is usually the time to head to the hospital or birth center Tips for the support person: Lightening describes the baby moving down from the rib cage with the head of the baby engaging deep in the pelvis.

The process is usually shorter for subsequent pregnancies. An episiotomy is a cut made by your doctor in the perineum the area between the vagina and the anus to help deliver the baby or prevent tearing.

Several drugs are used to help ease the pain of labor and delivery. Anesthetics block all feeling, including pain. Practice timing contractions Offer comfort, reassurance, and support Suggest simple activities that draw her focus from the labor Keep up your own strength.

Normal Labor and Delivery Process

It also can be painful when you cough or sneeze during the healing time. Even women who show little reaction to labour pains, in comparison to other women, show a substantially severe reaction to crowning. What to Expect After Delivery Just as your body went through many changes before birth, it will go through transitions as you recover from childbirth.

Active Labor Phase What to do: However, more recent medical research suggests that the Friedman curve may not be currently applicable. In this stage, you deliver the placenta, the organ that nourished your baby inside the womb.

You may notice contractions most while your baby is nursing. Humans are bipedal with an erect stance. If this is your first pregnancylabor and delivery usually lasts about 12 to 14 hours. Back labour is a term for specific pain occurring in the lower back, just above the tailboneduring childbirth.

The latent phase ends with the onset of the active first stage. And after that, you can relax and cuddle with your bundle of joy! A blood -tinged or brownish discharge from your cervix is the released mucus plug that has sealed off the womb from infection.

A standard duration of the latent first stage has not been established and can vary widely from one woman to another.

Stages of Childbirth: Stage I

Your nipples may also be sore. Frequent loose stools may mean labor is imminent. Pain Treatments Just as the amount of time in labor varies, the amount of pain women experience is different, too. Active management is described as the administration of a uterotonic drug within one minute of fetal delivery, controlled traction of the umbilical cord and fundal massage after delivery of the placenta, followed by performance of uterine massage every 15 minutes for two hours.What are the stages of labor and birth?

The process of labor and birth is divided into three stages: The first stage begins when you start having contractions that cause progressive changes in your cervix and ends when your cervix is fully stage is divided into two phases.

Chapter Labor and Birth Process My Nursing Test Banks 1. A woman in her 40th week of pregnancy calls the nurse at the clinic and says shes not sure whether she is in true or false labor. When you're in the second stage of labor --delivery -- you are mere minutes to a couple hours away from meeting your baby.

Chapter 13- Labor and Birth Process My Nursing Test Banks

If you're having a natural birth, you'll push hard during your. Labor and Birth Processes Chapter DEITRA LEONARD LOWDERMILK 11 • Explain the five factors that affect the labor process.

• Describe the anatomic structure of the bony pelvis.

Labor and Birth Processes

• Recognize the normal measurements of the diameters of the pelvic inlet, cavity, and outlet. • Explain the significance of the size and position of the fetal head during labor and birth. Learn labor and birth process with free interactive flashcards.

Choose from different sets of labor and birth process flashcards on Quizlet. At least five factors affect the process of labor and birth. These factors are easily remembered as the five P s: passenger (fetus and placenta), passageway (birth canal), powers (contractions), position of the mother, and psychologic response.

Labor and birth process
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