Colombia has extensive jungle areas but by far the most prominent physical features are the three great Andean mountains chains that spread north from Ecuador.
The northern section consists of savannas devoted to cattle and sheep grazing. There are also the islands, the most important being the San Andres and Providencia archipelago, some miles away, the Islas del Rosario and San Bernardo, also in the Caribbean; and Gorgona, Gorgonilla and Malpelo in the Pacific.
In Spaniards founded Darien, the first permanent European settlement on the American mainland. Colombia consisting mainly of flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains and eastern lowland plains is slightly less than twice the size of Texas and is the only South American country with coastlines on both the North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea.
To the north and west of the Andes, tropical forests line the major rivers and coastal areas. In they established the colony of New Granada. Belisario Cuartas, a Conservative who assumed the presidency inunsuccessfully attempted to stop the guerrilla violence.
Two political parties dominated the region: The climate of Colombia is mostly tropical along the coast and eastern plains with cooler areas in the highlands.
Petroleum ranks as the principal export of Colombia. It also shares borders with Peru and Brazil. The eastern Caribbean and Pacific coastal lowlands experience a climate with high temperatures and high humidity all year round, with rainfall of 40 inches a year.
Marxist guerrilla groups organized in the s and s plunging the country into violence and instability. In an official war against drug trafficking, Colombia became a war zone with bombs, killings, and kidnappings.
Summer is the principal rainy season although there is no specific dry season. Byhomicide had become the leading cause of death in the nation. The murder rate soared inwith some 23, people reported killed by the drug traffickers and cartels, and common criminals.
Other leading exports include coffee, vegetables, chemicals, coal, textiles, fresh-cut flowers, bananas, sugar, gold, emeralds, and cattle. Generally the climate is wet and tropical. Colombia is located in Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama; a country completely covered by thick jungles and beautiful landscapes.
In the mountainous parts conditions are cooler and vary depending on winds, altitude and topography of the area. In the s and s, Colombia became one of the international centers for illegal drug production and trafficking.
Little is known about the various Indian tribes who inhabited Colombia before the Spanish arrived. The violence has created more thanrefugees, while 2 million Colombians have fled the country in recent years.Colombia is the only country of South America with coasts on both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean.
The total land area of the country is 1, sq km (, sq mi). The capital and largest city is Bogotá. On his book "Colombia" Krzysztof Dydynski reports that there are about 44 million people, making it the second most populous country in South America, after Brazil.
Population growth is about %. years: /5(3). Colombia is located in Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama; a country completely covered by thick jungles and beautiful landscapes/5(1).
South America Essays: OverSouth America Essays, South America Term Papers, South America Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. In South Colombia, there is a dry season in June and July.
The area of Colombia along the Pacific Coast is rainy all year round. The official language of Colombia is Spanish. Colombia Essay.
Words | 6 Pages. Colombia is a country in South America in the northwestern part of the continent.
Colombia has a lot of natural resources, including beautiful beaches, dramatic mountains, and lush rain forests, but it is known for its political unrest and the violent influence of powerful drug cartels.Download