In the severe forms of fluorosis, this can result in widespread chipping, fracture, and decay — effects which further intensify the disfiguring appearance of the condition. Varnish might be cost-effective in Scandinavian school dental services, in which dental professionals regularly examine and treat each student, but the cost-effectiveness of fluoride varnish in public health programs in the United States remains undocumented.
The recommendations address public health and professional practice, self-care, consumer product industries and health agencies, and further research.
Deciduous enamel defects in low birthweight children: The mean DMFS was 2. Journal of Public Health Dentistry Enamel fluorosis occurs among some persons in all communities, even in communities with a low natural concentration of fluoride.
Esthetically objectionable fluorosis attributed to water fluoridation. Early studies that examined the cause of "mottled enamel" now called moderate to severe enamel fluorosis led to the unexpected discovery that fluoride in community drinking water inhibits dental caries The introduction of fluorides for preventing dental caries, starting with water fluoridation in the mids, changed the pattern of disease occurrence.
Timely surveillance tools are needed to monitor fluoride exposure from multiple sources.
The Association recognizes that the unique characteristics of ECC should be considered in selecting treatment protocols. Although the prevalence of this condition in the United States has since increased 8,58,59most fluorosis today is of the mildest form, which affects neither cosmetic appearance nor dental function.
InPHS also issued policy and research recommendations for fluoride use 8. However, when classification is uncertain, treating a person as high risk is prudent until further information or experience allows a more accurate assessment.
The contribution of a healthy dentition to quality of life at any age has not been quantified, but is probably valued by most persons. Human studies have observed an association between early childhood malnutrition and EH in primary teeth using various study designs, mostly cross-sectional [ Goodman and Armelagos, ; Goodman et al.
Fluoride Mouthrinse Public health programs of fluoride mouthrinsing have long been presumed to be cost-effective, especially when teachers can supervise weekly rinsing in classrooms at no direct cost to the program.
Measuring oral health and quality of life. Child populations have typically been used for studies on caries prevention because of perceived increased caries susceptibility and logistical reasons.Clinical Case Report: Treatment of Mild-to-Moderate Fluorosis With a Minimally Invasive Treatment Plan.
Howard E. Strassler, DMD. Background.
it has been accepted as a reasonable and minor consequence balanced against the substantial protection from dental caries. Dental caries is one of the most common dental public health problems throughout the world.1 The prevalence fluorosis The children who had mild, moderate, and severe fluorosis had 4 times more chance to develop caries than those who did not have fluorosis (normal.
Review Article Dental management of children with asthma Jian-Fu Zhu, DDS, MS Humberto A. Hidalgo, MD, MS W. Corbett Holmgreen, DDS, MD asthma as mild, moderate, or severe, based in part on an increased prevalence in caries in children with mod-erate.
The term "Severe Early Childhood Caries" refers to "atypical" or "progressive" or "acute" or "rampant" patterns of dental caries. 2. The Association recognizes that early childhood caries is a significant public health problem in selected populations and is also found throughout the general population.
The relationship between dental caries and dental fluorosis in areas with moderate- and high-fluoride drinking water in Ethiopia. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology “With more severe forms of fluorosis, caries risk increases because of pitting and loss of the outer enamel.”. Recommendations for Using Fluoride to Prevent and Control Dental Caries in the United States Fluoride Recommendations Work Group Steven M.
Adair, D.D.S., M.S. School of Dentistry Medical College of Georgia Augusta, Georgia.Download