History and Mass Culture A primary theme of early twentieth-century European literature and critical thought is the rise of modern mass civilization and its suffocating effects of alienation and dehumanization.
But he has also attracted the interest of scholars from many disciplines, specialists in literature, theater, philosophy, theology, political science, history, psychology, medicine, and law. His austere search for moral order found its aesthetic correlative in the classicism of his art.
Ironically, Camus had uttered a remark earlier in his life that the most absurd way to die would be in a car accident. By now Camus had become a leading literary figure. Such a monster is not to be encountered in private life. To rise each day to fight a battle you know you cannot win, and to do this with wit, grace, compassion for others, and even a sense of mission, is to face the Absurd in a spirit of true heroism.
Camus had to leave the unhealthy apartment that had been his home for 15 years, and, after a short period spent with an uncle, Camus decided to live on his own, supporting himself by a variety of jobs while registered as a philosophy student at the University of Algiers.
More collections of his political essays appeared, plus many prefaces to contemporary writings. Much like the character Rambert in The Plague, Camus left the battlefield.
He takes up the question of whether acts of terrorism and political violence can be morally justified, which is basically the same question he had addressed earlier in his play The Just Assassins. But his journalistic activities had been chiefly a response to the demands of the time; in Camus retired from political journalism and, besides writing his fiction and essays, was very active in the theatre as producer and playwright e.
It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. Camus and his elder brother Lucien moved with their mother to a working-class district of Algierswhere all three lived, together with the maternal grandmother and a paralyzed uncle, in a two-room apartment.
However, the play was not performed until His allegory, The Plague, was published in June,and was immediately cited as a major literary work. Camus took his stand on humanitarian rather than ideological grounds and continued to see a future role for France in Algeria while not ignoring colonialist injustices.
One of his most significant contributions was an essay collaboration with Koestler, the writer, intellectual, and founder of the League Against Capital Punishment.
Graceful yet demanding, Looking for "The Stranger" shows how thoroughly Camus made art out of his life.
The drudgery of Sisyphus is mirrored and amplified in the assembly line, the business office, the government bureau, and especially in the penal colony and concentration camp.
Upon seeing the two children in the carriage, he refuses to toss his bomb not because doing so would be politically inexpedient but because he is overcome emotionally, temporarily unnerved by the sad expression in their eyes.
However, this base style frequently becomes a counterpoint or springboard for extended musings and lavish descriptions almost in the manner of Proust.
The role of journalism, the influence of American literature, the philosophical debate about the absurd, the colonial context: Exile and the Kingdom. The book deals with a successful and admired lawyer who suddenly faces his conscience after he refuses to help a woman drowning in a suicide attempt.
However, he was in Paris to witness how the Wehrmacht took over. During this period, while contending with recurrent bouts of tuberculosis, he also published The Myth of Sisyphus, his philosophical anatomy of suicide and the absurd, and joined Gallimard Publishing as an editor, a position he held until his death.
Together these figures represent a system of pervasive control and micro-management that threatens the future of mass society. In Le Myth, Camus was interested in how we experience the Absurd and how we live with it.
It was in secondary school that Camus became an avid reader absorbing Gide, Proust, Verlaine, and Bergson, among otherslearned Latin and English, and developed a lifelong interest in literature, art, theatre, and film. In the fall offollowing publication of Exile and the Kingdom, a collection of short fiction, Camus was shocked by news that he had been awarded the Nobel Prize for literature.Albert Camus (pronounced Kam-oo) (November 7, January 4, ) was a French author and philosopher and one of the principal luminaries (with Jean-Paul Sartre) of absurdism.
Camus was the second youngest-ever recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature (after Rudyard Kipling) when he received the award in Albert Camus Biography Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List Albert Camus was born November 7,and reared in Algeria, a country exposed to the blistering African sun and the plain of the Mediterranean sea.
With her trademark combination of archival research, personal investigation, and interpretive skill, she tells the story of Camus’s The Stranger from its first stirrings in the mind of its young, unknown author through its publication in wartime France and its role in transforming Camus into an international literary star, to its postwar fame and enduring life and afterlife.
Critical Insights: Albert Camus Critical Insights Series The series focuses on an individual author's entire body of work, a single work of literature, or a literary theme.
The Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Albert Camus "for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times".
Camus, Albert Albert Camus.
New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection/Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (Negative no.
LC-USZ) In the two years before the outbreak of World War II, Camus served his apprenticeship as a journalist with Alger-Républicain in many capacities, including those of leader- (editorial-) writer, subeditor, political .Download